Category: Africa Law

African National Congress Founding

#### African National Congress Founding Founding of the ANC The ANC was founded in 1912 as a nonviolent civil rights organization that worked to promote the interests of black Africans. With a mostly middle-class constituency, the ANC stressed constitutional means…

African National Congress Growth

#### African National Congress Growth Growth of the ANC ANC membership greatly increased in the 1950s after South Africa's white-minority government began to implement apartheid, a policy of rigid racial segregation, in 1948. The ANC actively opposed apartheid and engaged…

African National Congress Underground

#### African National Congress Underground The ANC Underground In 1961, after the government had banned the organization, the ANC formed a military wing called Umkhonto we Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation”), which began a campaign of sabotage against the government.…

African National Congress Gains Power

#### African National Congress Gains Power The ANC Gains Power In 1990 the government lifted its ban on the ANC and other black African organizations. In that same year Mandela was released from more than 27 years in prison as…

African National Congress After Mandela

#### African National Congress After Mandela The ANC After Mandela In late 1997 the aging Mandela, who had announced that he would not be seeking another term as president, formally stepped down as head of the ANC. The party's convention…