Category: Africa Law

African National Congress Underground

#### African National Congress Underground The ANC Underground In 1961, after the government had banned the organization, the ANC formed a military wing called Umkhonto we Sizwe (“Spear of the Nation”), which began a campaign of sabotage against the government.…

African National Congress Gains Power

#### African National Congress Gains Power The ANC Gains Power In 1990 the government lifted its ban on the ANC and other black African organizations. In that same year Mandela was released from more than 27 years in prison as…

African National Congress After Mandela

#### African National Congress After Mandela The ANC After Mandela In late 1997 the aging Mandela, who had announced that he would not be seeking another term as president, formally stepped down as head of the ANC. The party's convention…

Communist Governments In Africa

#### Communist Governments in Africa Communism: Communist Governments in Other Regions Africa Although there were experiments here and there with facets of communism in postcolonial Africa, only four African countries made concerted endeavors to build a Soviet-style regime: Republic of…

Communist Governments In Republic Of The Congo

#### Communist Governments in Republic of the Congo Communism: Communist Governments in Other Regions Africa Republic of the Congo The first was in the Republic of the Congo, a tiny country that gained its independence from France in 1960. In…